Словообразование упражнение №19
Read the texts below and decide what part of speech in A, B, C or D best fits each gap in the sentences.
The Great Depression in the United States, the worst and longest (1) _______ collapse in the history of the modern industrial world, lasted from the end of 1929 until the early 1940s. Beginning in the United States, the depression spread to most of the world's industrial countries, which in the 20th century had become economically (2) _______ on one another. The Great Depression saw rapid declines in the production and sale of goods and a sudden, severe rise in (3) _______ . Businesses and banks closed their doors, people lost their jobs, homes, and savings, and many depended on (4) _______ to (5) _______ , In 1933, at the worst point in the depression, more than 15 million Americans — one-quarter of the nation's workforce — were unemployed.
The depression was caused by a number of serious (6) _______ in the economy. Although the 1920s appeared on the surface to be a (7) _______ time, income was unevenly distributed. The wealthy made large profits, but more and more Americans spent more than they (8) _______ , and farmers faced low prices and heavy debt. The lingering effects of World War I caused economic problems in many countries, as Europe struggled to pay war debts and reparations. These problems (9) _______ to the crisis that began the Great Depression: the (10) _______ U.S. stock market crash of 1929, which ruined thousands of investors and destroyed (11) _______ in the economy. Continuing throughout the 1930s, the depression ended in the United States only when (12) _______ spending for World War II began.