Have and have got в английском языке

Have/has/had = possess, but we also use have for other things (for example, family relationships):

  • We have a new car.

  • I have a brother and two sisters.

  • Tom has a headache/a cold/the flu/etc.

  • When she was a child, she had long blonde hair.

In questions use do/does/did:

  • How many brothers and sisters do you have?

  • Does Aim have a car?

  • Did you have a car when you lived in California? (not had you a car)

In negative sentences use don't/doesn't/didn't:

  • I don't have any money.

  • Aim doesn't have any brothers or sisters.

  • I wanted to call you, but I didn't have your number. (not I hadn't your number)

  • He didn't have a watch, so he didn't know what time it was.

Have got/has got

You can use have got/has got rather than have/has alone:

  • We've got a new car. ( = We have a new car.)

  • Tom has got a headache. ( = Tom has a headache.)

The question and negative forms are:

  • Have you got a headache? ( = do you have)

  • Has she got any brothers or sisters? ( = does she have)

  • I haven't got any money. ( = I don't have)

  • Ann hasn't got a car. (= Ann doesn't have)

But don't use got for the past:

  • When she was a child, she had long blonde hair. (not she had got)

Have for actions

We also use have for a number of actions (especially eating and drinking):

have breakfast/lunch/dinner/a meal/a cup of coffee/a cigarette/etc.
have a good time/a nice day/etc. have a party ( = give a party)
have a look (at something) have a baby ( = give birth to a baby)

(You cannot use have got in these expressions.)

  • I always have a big breakfast in the morning. (not have got)

  • Did you have a good time last night?

  • We're having a party on Saturday. Would you like to come?

  • What time does Ann usually have lunch?