ЕГЭ чтение тест №2

Задание В2

Рекомендуемое время выполнения задания - 8 минут.

Установите соответствие заголовков А — Н текстам 1— 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Ask your parents for permission to have a party. Decide what kind of party you want and whether it will be held indoors or outdoors. Send written invitations to your friends. Tell them what kind of party you are having, at what time, where, and whether or not the guests should wear costumes. Make a list of games you would like to play. Ask your mother to help you prepare refreshments. Ice cream, cake, cookies, and lemonade are good for any party.
2. This activity makes everybody laugh. Have the guests sit around the room. Choose one person to be a pussycat. The pussy must go over to a guest and do his/her best to make the guest laugh. He/she can make funny meows and walk around like a cat. The pussy goes from one guest to another until someone laughs. The first one to laugh becomes the new pussy.
3. It's easy to make a cake from a cake mix that you get from the grocery store. You usually add only water or milk. Cake mixes come in many flavours, such as chocolate, lemon, banana, vanilla and others. When you make a cake from a mix, always follow the directions on the package carefully. Then you can be sure that your cake will turn out right and your guests will enjoy it. Many mixes have a small envelope of powdered frosting hidden inside the flour.
4. As you ride on a bus with your friends, get someone to start singing. Everyone joins in. At the first crossroad, another person starts a different song, and everyone joins in. Keep changing songs at every crossroad.
5. Looking after cats is easy. They wash themselves every day and eat almost any food. Cats like to drink milk and cream. But they need to be fed fish, beef, liver, and other kinds of meat. They need a clean, dry bed at night. You can use a basket or a cardboard box for your cat's bed. Cats like to play with a rubber ball or chase a string.
6. You can have a whole army of toy soldiers made of tin, wood or plastic. Some may be dressed in fancy uniforms, some may be sitting on horses. Others may be ready for battle, carrying guns and shoulder packs. You can have soldiers from other countries, or only Civil War soldiers or only modern soldiers. If you get two soldiers that are alike, trade your extra soldier with another toy soldier lover.
7. Even animals get involved in elections. The donkey and elephant have been political symbols in the USA for more than 100 years. Why? In 1828, Democrat Andrew Jackson ran for president. Critics said he was stubborn as a donkey. The donkey has been the symbol of the Democratic Party ever since. In the 1870s, newspaper cartoonists began using the elephant to stand for the Republican Party.


Задание В3

Рекомендуемое время выполнения задания - 7 минут.

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 частями предложений А-G. Одна из частей в списке А-G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу.

Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they knew the universe. They were wrong.
The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists' view of the universe. The telescope is named for American astronomer Edwin Hubble, 1) _______ . He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their classifications.
In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope.
It simply gathers light. It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not what it is, 2) _______ .
Hubble was launched in 1990 from the "Discovery" space shuttle and it is about 350 miles above, our planet, 3) _______ . It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn't have to look through the air, 4) _______ . And what a view it is!
Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon. Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images 5) _______ . Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble doesn't just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond. Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A galaxy is a city of stars.
Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects, because doing so could "fry" the telescope's instruments, but it can detect infrared and ultraviolet light 6) _______ . Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even change the number of planets in it.
A. which is above Earth s atmosphere.
B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.
C. which is invisible to the human eye.
D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.
E. so it has a clear view of space.
F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.
G. but where it is.


Задания A15-A21

Рекомендуемое время выполнения задания - 15 минут.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15 - А21, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Whilst travelling in 2001, I had my first but definitely not last, go at snowboarding. Rhona and I went to the Cardona ski resort, a couple of hours from Queenstown in New Zealand. We had been staying in Queenstown for a couple of weeks and had tried a couple of the local ski-resorts. They had been so popular, that there was almost no room to play. The problem for me with this was that with so many people moving around me, my eyes were constantly re-focusing. This meant that I couldn't see a thing! As I had never snowboarded before, we decided that it was going to be a problem. A guy at one of the local ski rental shops recommended that we should try Cardona.
On arrival I went straight to the Ski Patrol and explained my situation. They suggested that I should wear a vest, that they supplied, with the words "BLIND SKIER" on the front and back on top of my jacket. They told me that this was more for the benefit of the other skiers around me. I must admit, I wasn't very keen to do this, but thought I would give it a try.
Once onto the slopes, I put my vest on and began to practise my limited skills. Because I had done some other board sports, i. e. skateboarding, surfing, etc., it wasn't too hard to learn the basics. Once I was comfortable with this, I headed off for the ski lift and the big slopes. As I stood in the queue I could hear people talking about that "poor blind guy". This niggled me a bit, but I decided to try to ignore it. At the top of the lift I stepped off and strapped my feet onto the board.
As we headed off I could hear more people talking about the vest. I was starting to get paranoid. Then as I gathered speed and Rhona would shout directions, I realized that the people who saw the vest were getting out of my way. Fantastic! This was better than a white stick in a crowd. We picked up speed turning left, then right, hitting a few bumps, but mainly going really well. I even managed to control the snowboard. Well, sort of control it. Before I knew it, we had zipped down a long straight slope and had come to the end of the run. The adrenaline was buzzing and I was "high as a kite". What a feeling! I got back on the ski lift and headed back up. This time I was going to do the run solo!
I had memorized the slope from my first run and felt very confident. As I came off the lift, I rushed to get started. Again, I could hear people talking about me, but now it didn't matter. The vest was a definite benefit for the novice snowboarder! I took the first stage at a steady pace, looking for my first left bend. No problems there. I found that easy enough. I was now looking for my fast approaching right bend. I missed this one completely and ended up in the safety netting at the edge of the run.
At this point, I decided I was not the world's best snowboarder and would have to take things a little slower. As the day progressed, so did my skills. 1 had a great time. Even taking "air" on quite a few occasions. However, this was now deliberate! I was not very wary about that bend I had missed, so I started to take it a bit early. Unfortunately, this meant that I would leap about 2 metres into the air. And what was more surprising than being airborne, was the fact that on half a dozen occasions (out of about 30), I landed on my feet and carried on downhill. The rest of the time I fell on my bottom. I heard some people comment on how brave "that blind guy" was. Little did they know it was lack of skill rather than bravery.
We boarded at Cardona for two days and had a fantastic time. Because it is a bit of a drive away from most of the tourist places, it is not as busy as the other ski resorts. It is mostly visited by the locals and I think that says something. If you get the chance, I would definitely recommend Cardona. I would also like to thank the Ski Patrol for that great suggestion. Without the vest, I am sure there could have been some crashes, caused by me. But with the vest, everyone just got out of the way. However, I think that if it was to get a vest for myself, it would probably read "BLIND & DAFT".
A15 The narrator and his companion decided to choose the Cardona ski resort because
1) it was a short distance from Queenstown.
2) they couldn't find a room at other resorts.
3) somebody said that it was worth going to.
4) it was popular with snowboarders.

A16 The Ski Patrol suggested that the narrator should wear a vest in order to
1) make it easier for them to locate the narrator in case of an accident.
2) make the narrator feel more confident during his first go at snowboarding.
3) keep an eye on him on the slope.
4) prevent other people from colliding with him on the slopes.

A17 When the narrator was standing in the queue he
1) felt annoyed by people's comments.
2) felt comfortable in his vest.
3) tried to focus his eyes on the track.
4) tried to ignore his fear.

A18 "This" in "This was better than a white stick in the crowd" refers to
1) the fact that people were getting out of the narrator's way.
2) the narrator's moving at a high speed down the slope.
3) the fact that Rhona was giving the narrator directions.
4) the narrator's hearing more people talking about the vest.

A19 The narrator did the second run solo and he
1) tried to memorize all the bends.
2) failed to go round one of the bends.
3) tried not to listen to Rhona's directions.
4) fell down and was injured.

A20 The narrator believes that his successful leaps into the air and landing on his feet were due to
1) his personal courage.
2) people's encouragement.
3) his intensive practising.
4) pure chance.

A21 The narrator recommends Cardona ski resort because
1) of the Ski Patrol efficient service.
2) skiers are supplied with vests there.
3) it is less crowded than other places.
4) there are few crashes on the slopes.