The revolt of the Streltsy

In 1682 the Streltsy, the Russian citizen-soldiers, began a revolt in Moscow. At that time there was no Tsar in Russia. Tsar Fedor, the son of Aleksei Mikhailovich died childless. But he had two brothers, Peter and Ivan. They were step-brothers. Ivan was elder, but he was ill. And after the revolt of the Streltsy both of them were acclaimed Russian Tsars. Their sister Sofia began to rule in their names. Peter did not forget the revolt of the Streltsy and when he ascended the throne he beheaded all of them in the presence of their wives and children. This episode determined the course of the reign of Tsar Peter I the Great.