Simple past (I did) в английском языке
Study this example:
Tom: Look! It's raining again.
Ann: Oh no, not again. It rained
all day yesterday too.
is the simple past
tense. We use the simple past to talk about actions or situations in the past.
- I enjoyed the party very much.
- Mr. Brown died ten years ago.
- When I lived in Athens, I worked in a bank.
Very often the simple past ends in -ed
- We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
- The police stopped me on my way home last night.
- She passed her exam because she studied very hard.
For spelling rules see this
But many important verbs are irregular
. This means that the simple past does not
end in -ed
leave → left We all left the party at 11:00.
go → went Last month I went to Rome to sec a friend of mine.
cost → cost This house cost $75,000 in 1980.
The past of the verb be (am/is/are)
angry because Tom and Ann were
For a list of irregular verbs see this
In simple past questions and negatives we use did/didn't
+ the base form (do/open
it rained did it rain? it didn't rain
- Ann: Did you go out last night, Tom?
Tom: Yes, I went to the movies. But I didn't enjoy it.
- When did Mrs. Johnson die?
- What did you do over the weekend?
- We didn't invite her to the party, so she didn't come.
- Why didn't you call me on Tuesday?
Note that we normally use did/didn't
- Did you have time to write the letter?
- I didn't have enough money to buy anything to cat.
But we do not
with the verb be (was/were)
- Why were you so angry?
- Was Mark at work yesterday?
- They weren't able to come because they were very busy.